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Bone and Joint Problems in Women

Unhealthy lifestyle, diet and genetic changes put women at a higher risk of bone and joint diseases including knee pain and lower back pain that restricts mobility and working hours.


If you think that chronic orthopaedic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and joint pain as well as orthopaedic injuries such as shoulder dislocation, frozen shoulder etc. affects only elderly women, think again. Even women in their 20s and 30s are facing knee, lower back and multiple joint pains due to wider pelvis that makes their knees in mechanical disadvantageous position, less muscle mass and hence more fat in the legs, and imbalance in estrogen cycle before or after menopause. Unhealthy lifestyle, obesity, irregular sleep patterns, Vitamin D deficiency, unbalanced diet, mental stress, and genetic changes add more to the problem in young and elderly women alike.


Going for preventive healthcare screening such as Dexa BMD Score, regular Vitamin D and hemoglobin evaluation as well as taking nutritious diet such as omega-3 fatty acids, nuts and berries and whole grains, physical exercise and exposure to sunlight can reduce the occurrence of orthopaedic illnesses in women.


Subtle symptoms in the younger age bracket of 20s and 30s are morning stiffness and discomfort. Gradually soreness and swelling leads to reduced working hours. One should be cautious if it persists for a month. Knee pain, lower back pain and smaller joints can get involved at a later stage. Hormonal imbalance through lower level of estrogen often causes joint inflammation and muscle soreness making it difficult to carry out simple tasks. One of the common causes is prolonged dehydration due to lesser intake of water.


Osteoarthritis is a musculoskeletal degenerative disease affecting women thatcauses pain and stiffness with surgery aslast option to restore movement in patients.Similarly, joint dislocation andknee ligament injuries need surgical intervention.Also, metabolic syndrome isfound in elderly women where alongwith arthritis, most people have hypertension,diabetes and high cholesterol.Therefore, use of prolonged painkillers can be dangerous.


Replacing the knee and hip joint is the only answer to these complex problems. Getting newer joints help patients to walk unlimited without discomfort and lead an active daily life and help people fight depression. Moreover, present day innovation and necessary precautions make joint replacement a very effective and safe surgery. Post surgery, people can enjoy their life with relative normalcy.

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